For the purpose of this chapter, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
AUTHORITY. The Village President and Board of Trustees of the Village of South Jacksonville, Morgan County, Illinois and its duly authorized employees.
BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND (BOD). The quantity of oxygen, expressed in milligrams per liter (mg/l), utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedures in five days at 20°C.
BUILDING DRAIN. The part of the lowest horizontal piping of a drainage system which receives the discharge from soil, waste, and other drainage pipes inside the walls of a building and conveys it to the building sewer five feet outside the building wall.
BUILDING DRAIN, SANITARY. A building drain which conveys sanitary or industrial wastewater only, and to which storm, surface, and groundwater are not intentionally admitted.
BUILDING DRAIN, STORM. A building drain which conveys storm, surface, or groundwater drainage, but no sanitary or industrial wastewater, other than unpolluted cooling water.
BUILDING SEWER. The extension from the building drain to the public sewer or other place of disposal.
BUILDING SEWER, SANITARY. A building sewer which conveys sanitary or industrial wastewater only.
BUILDING SEWER, STORM. A building sewer which conveys a stormwater or other clean water drainage but no sanitary or industrial wastewater.
CLASSES OF USERS. The division of wastewater treatment system customers by waste characteristics and process or discharge similarities.
(1) COMMERCIAL. Includes transient lodging, retail, and wholesale establishments or places engaged in selling merchandise for personal, household, or industrial consumption, and/or rendering services to others.
(2) GOVERNMENTAL. Includes legislative, judicial, administrative, and regulatory activities of federal, state, and local governments, such as courthouses, police and fire stations, city halls, and similar governmental users.
(a) Includes manufacturing activities involving the mechanical or chemical transformation of materials or substances into other products.
(b) These activities occur in establishments usually described as plants, factories, or mills and characteristically use power machines and material handling equipment.
(4) INSTITUTIONAL. Includes social, charitable, religious, and educational activities such as schools, churches, hospitals, nursing homes, penal institutions, and similarly institutional users.
(5) RESIDENTIAL. Includes all dwelling units such as detached, semidetached, and row houses, mobile homes, garden and standard apartments, and permanent multifamily dwellings.
COMBINED SEWER. A sewer intended to receive wastewater, storm, surface, and groundwater drainage.
COMBINED WASTEWATER. A combination of both sanitary and industrial wastewater and storm, surface, or ground water.
COMPATIBLE POLLUTANT. A pollutant for which the wastewater treatment system is designed to treat and includes biochemical oxygen demand, suspended solids, pH and fecal coliform bacteria, or a pollutant for which the plant is able to remove to a substantial degree, being 80% or greater.
(1) A structure located on a site from which industrial wastes are discharged.
(2) Where feasible, the manhole shall have an interior drop.
(3) The purpose of a CONTROL MANHOLE is to provide access for the village’s representative to sample and/or measure discharges.
DEPRECIATION. An annual operating cost reflecting capital consumption and obsolescence of the wastewater treatment system.
EASEMENT. An acquired legal right for the specific use of land owned by others.
FECAL COLIFORM. Any of a number of organisms common to the intestinal tract of humans and animals, whose presence in sanitary wastewater is an indicator of pollution.
(1) Oil, fat, or grease in a physical state such that it will separate by gravity from wastewater by treatment in a pretreatment facility approved by the village.
(2) A wastewater shall be considered free of FLOATABLE OIL if it is properly pretreated and the wastewater does not interfere with the wastewater treatment system.
GARBAGE. Solid wastes from the domestic and commercial preparation, cooking, and dispensing of food, and from the handling, storage, and sale of produce.
INCOMPATIBLE POLLUTANT. Any pollutant that is not defined as a compatible pollutant, including nonbiodegradable dissolved solids.
INDUSTRIAL USER. Any nongovernmental user of the publicly owned wastewater treatment system, identified in the Standard Industrial Classification Manual, 1972, Office of Management and Budget, as amended.
INDUSTRIAL WASTE. Any solid, liquid, or gaseous substance discharged, permitted to flow, or escaping from any industrial, manufacturing, commercial, or business establishment or process or from the development, recovery, or processing of any natural resource, as distinct from sanitary wastewater.
INFILTRATION. The water entering a sewer system, including building drains and sewers, from the ground, through such means as, but not limited to, defective pipes, pipe joints, connections, or manhole walls.
INFILTRATION/INFLOW. The total quantity of water from both infiltration and inflow without distinguishing the sources.
INFLOW. The water discharged into a sewer system, including building drains and sewers, from such sources as, but not limited to, roof leaders, cellar, yard and area drains, foundation drains, unpolluted cooling water discharges, drains from springs and swampy areas, manhole covers, cross connections with storm sewers and combined sewers, catch basins, stormwaters, surface run-off, street wash waters, or drainage.
INSPECTOR. The person or persons duly authorized by the village to inspect and approve the installation of building sewers and their connection to the public sewer system.
MAJOR CONTRIBUTING INDUSTRY. An industry that either: has a flow of 50,000 gallons or more per average work day; or has a flow greater than 10% of the flow carried by the public wastewater treatment system receiving the waste; or has in its waste a toxic pollutant in toxic amounts as defined in standards issued under the Federal Clean Water Act; or is found by the permit issuance authority, in connection with the issuance of the NPDES permit to the publicly owned wastewater treatment system receiving the waste, to have significant impact, either singly or in combination with other contributing industries, on that wastewater treatment system or upon the quality of effluent from that wastewater treatment system.
MAY. The act referred to is permissive.
METERED USAGE. The metered water usage of any individual customer, unless separate metering of wastewater flow is provided by the customer, wherein it shall mean metered wastewater flow of any individual customer.
(1) Milligrams per liter shall mean a unit of the concentration of water or wastewater constituent.
(2) It is 0.001 g of the constituent in 1,000 ml of water.
(3) It has replaced the unit formerly used commonly, parts per million, to which it is approximately equivalent, in reporting the results of water and wastewater analysis.
NATURAL OUTLET. Any outlet, including storm sewers and combined sewer overflows, into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake, or other body of surface or groundwater.
NONINDUSTRIAL USERS. All other users of the wastewater treatment system other than industrial users.
NORMAL DOMESTIC WASTEWATER.
(1) As defined for the purpose of determining surcharge limits, a wastewater having an average daily suspended solids concentration of not more than 250 mg/l, and average daily BOD of not more than 200 mg/l.
(2) AVERAGE DAILY is defined for the purposes of this chapter as the average of proportional readings taken in the 24-hour period starting at 12:00 a.m. (midnight) and ending at 12:00 a.m. (midnight) the next day.
NPDES PERMIT. A permit issued under the national pollutant discharge elimination system for discharge of wastewaters to the waters of the United States pursuant to the Federal Clean Water Act.
OPERATION, MAINTENANCE, AND REPLACEMENT COSTS.
(1) All costs, direct and indirect, including scheduled replacement costs necessary to ensure adequate wastewater treatment on a continuing basis, conforming with federal, state, and local requirements, and assuring optimal long-term facility management.
(2) Such costs shall not include debt service costs.
PERSON. Any and all persons, natural or artificial, including any individual, firm, company, municipality, private corporation, association, society, institution, enterprise, governmental agency, or other entity discharging any wastewater to the wastewater treatment system.
pH. The negative logarithm of the hydrogen ion concentration. The concentration is the weight of hydrogen ions in grams per liter of solution. The pH of any discharge into the wastewater treatment system shall not be less than 6.0 nor more than 9.0.
POPULATION EQUIVALENT. Term used to evaluate the impact of industrial or other waste on a treatment works or stream. One POPULATION EQUIVALENT is 100 gallons of sewage per day, containing 0.17 pounds of BOD and 0.22 pounds of suspended solids.
ppm. Parts per million by weight.
PRETREATMENT. The treatment of industrial wastewater from privately owned industrial sources prior to introduction into the wastewater treatment system.
PRIVATE SEWER. A sewer which is not owned by a public authority.
PROPERLY SHREDDED GARBAGE. The wastes from the preparation, cooking, and dispensing of food that have been shredded to such a degree that all particles will be carried freely under the flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers, with no particle greater than one-half inch (one and twenty-seven hundredth centimeters) in any dimension.
PUBLIC AUTHORITY. Any governmental agency having jurisdiction by law over construction and use of a wastewater treatment system.
PUBLIC SEWER. A sewer in which all owners of abutting properties have equal rights, and which is owned and controlled by the public authority, consisting of the following increments.
(1) COLLECTOR SEWER. A sewer whose primary purpose is to collect wastewaters from individual point source discharges.
(2) FORCE MAIN. A pipe in which wastewater is carried under pressure.
(3) INTERCEPTOR SEWER. A sewer whose primary purpose is to transport wastewater from collector sewers to a wastewater treatment system.
(4) PUMPING STATION. A station position in the public sewer system at which wastewater is pumped to a higher level.
REPLACEMENT. Expenditures for obtaining and installing equipment, accessories, or appurtenances which are necessary during the useful life of the wastewater treatment system to maintain the capacity and performance for which such system was designed and constructed.
SANITARY SEWER. A sewer which carries sanitary and/or industrial wastes, and to which storm, surface, and groundwater are not intentionally admitted.
SEWER. A pipe or conduit for carrying wastewater.
SHALL. The act referred to is mandatory.
SIGNIFICANT INDUSTRY. Any industry that will contribute greater than 10% of the design flow and/or design pollutant loading of the wastewater treatment system.
SLUG. Any discharge of water or wastewater which, in concentration of any given constituent or in quantity of flow, exceeds for any period of duration longer than 15 minutes, more than five times the average 24-hour concentration or flow during normal operation.
STANDARD METHODS. The laboratory procedures set forth in the latest edition, at the time of analysis of Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater prepared and published jointly by the American Public Health Association, and the Water Pollution Control Federation.
STORM SEWER. A sewer that carries storm, surface and groundwater drainage but excludes wastewater and industrial wastes other than unpolluted cooling water.
STORMWATER RUNOFF. The portion of the precipitation that is drained into the sewers.
SUPERINTENDENT. The Superintendent of Utilities of the village’s wastewater treatment system, or his or her authorized deputy, agent, or representative.
TOTAL SOLIDS. The sum of suspended and dissolved solids.
TOTAL SUSPENDED SOLIDS. The solids that either float on the surface of, or are in suspension in water, wastewater, or other liquids and which are removable by laboratory filtering.
TOXIC AMOUNT. The concentration of any pollutant or combination of pollutants which upon exposure to or assimilation into any organism will cause adverse effects, such as cancer genetic mutations, and physiological manifestations as defined in standards issued pursuant to the Federal Clean Water Act.
UNPOLLUTED WATER. Water of quality equal to or better than the effluent criteria in effect, or water that would not cause violation of receiving water quality standards and would not be benefitted by discharge to the sanitary sewers and wastewater treatment system provided. Effluent criteria are defined in the KPDES permit and water quality standards are defined in the water pollution regulations of the state.
USEFUL LIFE. The estimated period during which the collection system and/or treatment works will be operated.
VOLATILE ORGANIC MATTER. The material in the wastewater solids transformed to gases or vapors when heated at 550°C for 15 to 20 minutes.
WASTEWATER. The combination of liquid and water carried wastes from residences, commercial buildings, industrial plants, governmental facilities, and institutions of a community, together with any groundwater, surface water, and stormwater that may be present. WASTEWATER is used interchangeably with SEWAGE.
(1) COMBINED WASTEWATER. Wastes including sanitary wastewater, industrial wastewater, stormwater, infiltration, and inflow carried to the wastewater treatment system by a combined sewer.
(2) INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER. A combination of liquid and water carried wastes, discharged from any industrial establishment, and resulting from any trade or process carried on in that establishment, including wastes from pretreatment facilities and polluted cooling water.
(3) SANITARY WASTEWATER. A combination of liquid and water carried wastes discharged from toilet and other sanitary plumbing facilities.
(1) BASIC USER CHARGE. The basic assessment levied on all users of the public sewer system.
(2) CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT CHARGE. A charge levied on users to improve, extend, or reconstruct the sewage treatment works.
(3) DEBT SERVICE CHARGE. The amount to be paid each billing period for payment of interest, principal, and coverage of (loan, bond, and the like) outstanding.
(4) LOCAL CAPITAL COST CHARGE. Shall mean charges for costs other than the operation, maintenance, and replacement costs, such as, debt service and capital improvement costs.
(5) SURCHARGE. The assessment in addition to the basic user charge and debt service charge which is levied on those persons whose wastes are greater in strength than the concentration values established in § 54.20 .
(6) USER CHARGE. A charge levied on users of treatment works for the cost of operation, maintenance, and replacement.
(7) WASTEWATER SERVICE CHARGE. The charge per quarter or month levied on all users of the wastewater facilities. The SERVICE CHARGE shall be computed as outlined in § 54.20 (F) and shall consist of the total or the basic user charge, the local capital cost and a surcharge, if applicable.
WASTEWATER TREATMENT SYSTEM. The structures, equipment, and processes required to collect, transport, and treat domestic and industrial wastes and dispose of the effluent and accumulated residual solids.
WATER SYSTEM. All facilities for water supply, filtration plant, storage reservoirs, water lines, and services and booster stations for obtaining, treating, and distributing potable water.
WATERWORKS AND SEWERAGE FUND. The bank account to be used for all revenues received in the operation of the sewerage system.
(Ord. 687, passed 8-15-1991; Ord. 693, passed 10-3-1991)